Informal, traditional, farmer seed systems


Seed systems, Seeds


“An ‘informal’, ‘traditional’ or ‘farmer’ seed system lacks public sector regulation (Thiele, 1999). Farmers frequently exchange seeds among themselves, often for sale (Almekinders et al., 1994; Almekinders and Louwaars, 1999; De Schutter, 2009). Farmer seed systems also develop new varieties and maintain crop genetic diversity, but they do it as an integrated part of crop production (Almekinders and Louwaars, 2002; Brush, 2004).”


Bentley, J., Van Mele, P., and Reece, D. J. (2011). “How Seed Works,” in African Seed Enterprises: Sowing the Seeds of Food Security (Wallingford, UK: CAB International), 8–24.


Last Updated:

Nov. 2020
Informal, local, traditional seed systems