Seed systems


1) “People produce own seed, or have adequate resources to otherwise obtain seeds – and relevant information.” See also seed security

2) “Farmers have money or other resources, e.g., by barter, to obtain seed. Access is divided into delivery channel, affordability, and awareness”


1) McGuire, S., Sperling, L. 2011. The links between food security and seed security: facts and fiction that guide response. Development in Practice, 21(4–5):467-481.

2) Bentley, J.W., Andrade-Piedra, J., Demo, P., Dzomeku, B., Jacobsen, K., Kikulwe, E., Kromann, P., Kumar, P.L., McEwan, M., Mudege, N., Ogero, K., Okechukwu, R., Orrego, R., Ospina, B., Sperling, L., Walsh, S., Thiele, G., 2018. Understanding root, tuber, and banana seed systems and coordination breakdown: a multi-stakeholder framework. Journal of Crop Improvement 32, 599–621.

Last Updated:

Nov. 2020
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